FTC of Three-phase Induction Motor Drives under Current Sensor Faults

Document Type : Original Article

Authors

1 Department of Electrical Engineering, Gorgan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Gorgan, Iran.

2 Department of Electrical Engineering, Aliabad Katoul Branch, Islamic Azad University, Aliabad Katoul, Iran.

Abstract

 In this study, single-phase current sensor Fault-Tolerant Control (FTC) for Three-Phase Induction Motor (TPIM) drives using a flux observer is proposed. In the proposed FTC scheme, a 3rd difference operator executes the Fault Detection (FD) task and the reconstruction of the faulted current is achieved through a flux observer. The presented FTC system is able to switch TPIM drive systems from normal mode to the faulty mode suitably. The proposed method in this study can be utilized in many industries particularly in electric vehicles, medical devices, and aerospace where TPIM drive systems are needed to continue the desired operation even during fault situations. The effectiveness of the proposed FTC system is confirmed by experiments on a 0.75kW TPIM drive platform.

Keywords


[1] T. H. dos Santos, et al., "Scalar control of an induction motor using a neural sensorless technique," Electric power systems research, vol. 108, pp. 322-330, Mar 2014.
[2] S. A. R. Kashif, et al., "Implementing the induction-motor drive with four-switch inverter: An application of neural networks," Expert Systems with Applications, vol. 38, pp. 11137-11148, Sep 2011.
[3] R. Tabasian, et al., "Direct field-oriented control strategy for fault-tolerant control of induction machine drives based on EKF," IET Electric Power Applications, Apr 2020.
[4] M. Jannati, et al., "Experimental evaluation of FOC of 3-phase IM under open-phase fault," International Journal of Electronics, vol. 104, pp. 1675-1688, Oct 2017.
[5] M. A. Hannan, et al., "Optimization techniques to enhance the performance of induction motor drives: A review," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 81, pp. 1611-1626, Jan 2017.
[6] S. Shukla and B. Singh, "Single-stage PV array fed speed sensorless vector control of induction motor drive for water pumping," IEEE transactions on industry applications, vol. 54, pp. 3575-3585, Feb 2018.
[7] B. S. G. Yelamarthi and S. R. Sandepudi, "Predictive Torque Control of Three-Phase Induction Motor Drive with Inverter Switch Fault-Tolerance Capabilities," IEEE Journal of Emerging and Selected Topics in Power Electronics, Aug 2020.
[8] M. Jannati, et al., "Vector control of star-connected 3-phase induction motor drives under open-phase fault based on rotor flux field-oriented control," Electric Power Components and Systems, vol. 44, pp. 2325-2337, Dec 2016.
[9] Y. Liu, et al., "Smooth fault-tolerant control of induction motor drives with sensor failures," IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, vol. 34,  pp. 3544-3552, Jun 2018.
[10] A. A. Amin and K. M. Hasan, "A review of fault tolerant control systems: advancements and applications," Measurement, vol. 143, pp. 58-68, Sep 2019.
[11] M. Manohar and S. Das, "Current sensor fault-tolerant control for direct torque control of induction motor drive using flux-linkage observer," IEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics, vol. 13, pp. 2824-2833, Jun 2017.
[12] K. S. Lee and J. S. Ryu, "Instrument fault detection and compensation scheme for direct torque controlled induction motor drives," IEE Proceedings-Control Theory and Applications, vol. 150, pp. 376-382, Jul 2003.
[13 A. Bernieri, et al., "A neural network approach to instrument fault detection and isolation," In 10th Instrumentation and Measurement Technology Conference, pp. 139-144, May 1994.
[14] G. Betta, et al., "An advanced neural-network-based instrument fault detection and isolation scheme," IEEE transactions on instrumentation and measurement, vol. 47, pp. 507-512, Apr 1998.
[15] A. B. Youssef, et al., "State observer-based sensor fault detection and isolation, and fault tolerant control of a single-phase PWM rectifier for electric railway traction," IEEE transactions on Power Electronics, vol. 28, pp. 5842-5853,May 2013.
[16] X. Zhang, et al., "Sensor fault detection, isolation and system reconfiguration based on extended Kalman filter for induction motor drives," IET Electric Power Applications, vol. 7, pp. 607-617, Aug 2013.
[17] D. Diallo, et al., "A fault-tolerant control architecture for induction motor drives in automotive applications," IEEE transactions on vehicular technology, vol. 53, pp. 1847-1855, Nov 2004.
[18] P. Vas, "Sensorless vector and direct torque control," Oxford Univ. Press, 1998.
[19] M. Jannati, et al., "A review on Variable Speed Control techniques for efficient control of Single-Phase Induction Motors: Evolution, classification, comparison," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 75, pp. 1306-1319, Aug 2017.
[20] Y. C. Kang, et al., "A CT saturation detection algorithm," IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, vol. 19, pp. 78-85, Jan 2004.
[21] B. K. Bose, "Modern power electronics and AC drives," Upper Saddle River, NJ, Prentice hall, 2002.