Feasibility Study of Solar Water Heater System and ‎Ambient Heating for the Laboratory Complex of ‎Ahvaz Branch of Islamic Azad University with ‎Valentin T*SOL Software

Document Type : Original Article

Author

Department of Electrical Engineering, Izeh Branch, Islamic Azad ‎University, Izeh, Iran

Abstract

Iran is located between the orbits of 25 to 40 degrees north latitude and is located in a region that is among the highest in terms of solar energy among the parts of the world. The amount of solar radiation in Iran is estimated between 1800 to 2200 kWh per square meter per year, which is higher than the global average. In Iran, on average, more than 300 sunny days are reported annually, which is very significant. This energy can be used in different ways, such as electricity generation, heating and cooling, fresh water production, hot water supply, etc. In this paper, using T*SOL software, a solar heating system (including solar water heater, space heating) has been designed for laboratory complex No. 3 of Islamic Azad University, Ahvaz Branch and has been simulated for different time periods such as annually.

Keywords


[1] Sint, N.K.C., Choudhury, I.A., Masjuki, H.H. and Aoyama, H., "Theoretical analysis to determine the efficiency of a CuO-water nanofluid based-flat plate solar collector for domestic solar water heating system in Myanmar", Solar Energy, Vol. 155, (2017), 608-619. (https://doi.org/10.1016/j.solener.2017.06.055).
[2] Hobbi, A. and Siddiqui, K., "Optimal design of a forced circulation solar water heating system for a residential unit in cold climate using TRNSYS", Solar Energy, Vol. 83, No. 5, (2009), 700-714. (https://doi.org/10.1016/j.solener.2008.10.018).
[3] Moreau, A. and Laurencelle, F., "Field study of solar domestic water heaters in Quebec", Energy Procedia, Vol. 30, (2012), 1331-1338.
(https://doi.org/10.1016/j.egypro.2012.11.146).
[4] Tanha, K., Fung, A.S. and Kumar, R., "Performance of two domestic solar water heaters with drain water heat recovery units: Simulation and experimental investigation", Applied Thermal Engineering, Vol. 90, (2015), 444-459. (https://doi.org /10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2015.07.038).
[5]  Nikoofard, S., Ugursal, V.I. and Beausoleil-Morrison, I., "An investigation of the technoeconomic feasibility of solar domestic hot water heating for the Canadian housing stock", Solar Energy, Vol. 101, (2014), 308-320. (https://doi.org/10.1016/ j.solener.2014.01.001).
[6] Edwards, S., Beausoleil-Morrison, I. and Laperrière, A., "Representative hot water draw profiles at high temporal resolution for simulating the performance of solar thermal systems", Solar Energy, Vol. 111, (2015), 43-52. (https://doi.org /10.1016/j.solener.2014.10.026).
[7] Semple, L.M., Carriveau, R., and Ting, D.S., "Potential for large-scale solar collector system to offset carbon-based heating in the Ontario greenhouse sector", International Journal of Sustainable Energy, Vol. 37, No. 4, (2018), 378-392.
(https://doi.org/10.1080/14786451.2016.1270946).
[8] Ghorab, M., Entchev, E. and Yang, L., "Inclusive analysis and performance evaluation of solar domestic hot water system :A case study", Alexandria Engineering Journal, Vol. 56, No. 2, (2017), 201-212. (https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aej.2017.01.033).
[9] Narwal, K., Kempers, R., and O'Brien, P.G., "Adsorbent-adsorbate pairs for solar thermal energy storage in residential heating applications: A comparative study", Proceedings of The Canadian Society for Mechanical Engineering International Congress 2018, Toronto, Canada, (2018).
[10] McNally, J., Baldwin, C. and Cruickshank, C.A., "Using adsorption cooling and thermal solar collection for residential cooling applications in Canada", Proceedings of the ASME 2018, Pittsburgh, PA, USA, (2018).
[11] Rahmatmand, A., Harrison, S.J. and Oosthuizen, P.H., "Evaluation of removing snow and ice from photovoltaic-thermal (PV/T) panels by circulating hot water", Solar Energy, Vol. 179, (2019), 226-235. (https://doi.org/10.1016/j.solener. 2018.12.053).